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They say and write very often that young children should not watch TV. Please explain why?
Human eye is ideally designed to look at objects located at a distance, since this is a passive process, similar to sound perception. To look at objects nearby the child’s eye has to actuate an additional adaptive mechanism, the focusing apparatus. When young children spend long hours in front of TV their untrained eyes are subjected to excess strain, sending the distress signal to the brain. Trying to fix the problem the brain commands to elongate the eyeball to allow image focussing on the retina without extra muscle strain. As a result the eyeball is getting elongated causing the eye to become near-sighted, adjusting to the need to constantly look at short distances. And this is a continuous process, sclera (the tough eye protective membrane) becomes less strong, keeps stretching and myopia keeps progressing.
What are the retina tests performed at your Clinic?
EXCIMER Clinic offers retinal condition diagnostics using the state-of-the art Coherency Tomographer (OCT) which creates 3-D images of retina structure and optic nerve disc and provides data on macular condition, also in dynamics. This kind of testing is extremely important for patients with retinal disorders. Coherency Tomographer allows early diagnostics when there are no symptoms evident. This helps to start treatment at very early stages which gives better outcome chances.
Is it true that cataract leads to blindness? Or the risk is exaggerated?
Unfortunately there is no exaggeration here. With cataract, the crystalline lens is getting clouded but it also grows in size (swells), causing fluid drainage problems which results in intraocular pressure increase, which in turn can cause development of secondary glaucoma. Glaucoma lead to increased strain on optic nerve and other eye inner structures, disrupting blood supply to the eye and nerve signals reaching brain cortex, therefore vision is disturbed, especially around periphery. And that process is reversible, as a vision lost due to glaucoma cannot be restored, doctors can only try to slow down the disease progress.